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Some lesser known facts about Ayodhya case

Updates on Ayodhya Case till the completion of Ram Temple construction

  • Former BJP MP Ram Vilas Vedanti has proposed his own name as the head to the temple trust.


Timeline of events in Babri Masjid-Ram Janmabhoomi dispute of Ayodhya between 1528 - 2019

  • 1528 - Babri Masjid built by Mir Baqi, commander of Mughal emperor Babur
  • 1885 - Mahant Raghubir Das seeks nod to build canopy outside of Babri Masjid, Faizabad court dismisses the plea.
  • 1949 - On the night of 22nd-23rd December 1949, Ram Lalla Idols were allegedly put under central dome outside the disputed structure by Mahant Ram Sevak Das Shastri, who was the head of All india Ramanand Sect, he was a private Mahant and also the chief trustee of Ramanand sect.  Shastri also performed Ram Lalla's "Prakat Utsav" outside the disputed structure on this day. On being reported by Muslims priest of the mosque, police locked up the masjid barring muslims to continue praying inside mosque. 
  •  1950 - Gopal Simla Visharad moves Faizabad court for rights to worship Ram Lalla idols.
  • 1959 - Nirmohi Akhada files suit for possession of site.
  • 1989 - Deoki Nandan Agarwal representing the friend of deity Bhagwan Ram Lalla Virajman at the disputed structure files a title suit.
  • 1990 - September 25 - LK Advani starts nationwide Rath Yatra from Somnath in Gujarat.
  • 1992 - December 6 - Hindu Mahasabha workers along with many Hindu Kar Sevaks illegally demolished the Babri Masjid. 
  • 1994 - October 24 - Supreme Court believed in Ismail Faruqui case that Mosques are not integral to faith of Islam.
  • 2002 - April 1 - Allahabad Court begin hearing of ownership of disputed site.
  • 2010 - Allahabad High Court alloted the lands to all three parties of the case, the Nirmohi Akhada, Sunni Waqf Board and Ram Lalla Virajman.
  • 2017 - December 1 - Thirty-two civil right activists file plea challenging 2010 verdict of Allahabad High Court.
  • 2019 - January 8 - Supreme Court sets up five-judge constitution bench to hear case headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi, comprising of justice SA Bobde, NV Ramana, UU Lalit and DY Chandrachud.
  • 2019 - January 25 - Supreme Court reconstitutes five-member Constitutional bench to hear the case as justice UU Lalit recuses. The new bench had CJI Gogoi, Justice SA Bobde, NV Ramana, Ashok Bhushan and S Abdul Nazeer.
  • 2019 - February 26 - Supreme Court asks for mediation process in settling up the dispute.
  • 2019 - May 9 - The three-member mediation committee prepared interim report and submitted in sealed cover to Supreme Court on August 1.
  • 2019 - August 6 - Supreme court commences day-to-day hearing on the land dispute. 
  • 2019 - October 16 - Supreme court concludes hearing and reserves the order.
  • 2019 - November 9 - In a unanimous judgement, the Supreme Court allots the disputed Babri Masjid land to new temple trust to construct temple and asked state Government to provide an alternate land of 5-acres to Sunni Waqf board in a prominent place in Ayodhya for the construction of mosque. 

Some facts about the judgement delivered by the Supreme Court on Ayodhya Case

  1. A deity can be represented by a 'friend' as per Indian law. Triloki Nath Pandey was friend of deity Ram Lalla Virajman in Ayodhya case. Pandey is the third friend of Ram Lalla after the first two died. The first friend was a former Allahabad Court judge Deoki Nandan Agarwal, who had become a senior VHP functionary after retiring from the judiciary, while the second friend was the former history professor TP Verma.
  2. The Ayodhya dispute dates back to the mid-19th century. but a major development took place on the wee hours of 22nd-23rd December 1949 when an idol of Lord Ram was allegedly placed inside the mosque's dome.
  3. 5 judges bench which gave judgement of Ayodhya case consisted of Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi, SA Bobde, DY Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan and S Abdul Nazeer.
  4. The Allahabad High Court in its 2010 verdict on Ayodhya case had prescribed a three-way division of the disputed site between the Nirmohi Akhara, Ram Lalla Virajman and Sunni Waqf Board, which was unanimously rejected by all three parties and they moved the supreme court on the Allahabad judgement.
  5. On 9th October 2019 judgement, the deity Ram Lalla  or Bhagwan Ram (infant) was given the ownership of the disputed land. Since the deity is considered to be a minor, its 'friend' holds the legal proceedings on its behalf.
  6. On 6th December 1992, Babri Masjid was demolished by VHP workers, Kar Sevaks and allied Hindu parties members.
  7. In the Ram-Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute case, the Supreme Court accepted that the alleged placing of Ram Lalla inside the mosque on 22nd-23rd December of 1949 and the demolition of the Babri masjid on 6th December 1992 was a violation of law. 
  8. The Supreme Court of India in it's verdict asked the central Government to form a trust within three months to construct Ram temple in 2.77-acre disputed land at Ram Lalla Virajman site and also asked to provide 5 acres of alternate land to Sunni Waqf board at any prominent place in Ayodhya for the construction of a Mosque.
  9. The Supreme Court in it's verdict on Ayodhya case rejected the plea of Shia Board who had appealed the ownership of land should not be given to Sunni Waqf Board. Supreme Court also ruled out the ownership being given to Nirmohi Akhada for the maintenance of the Ram temple.
  10. The Supreme Court of India in it's verdict in Ayodhya Case believed that "There was a structure underlying the disputed structure, the underlying structure was not an Islamic structure," which means Babri Masjid was not constructed on a vacant land.
Babri Masjid was a mosque in Ayodhya built by Mughal Emperor Babur in 1528-29 AD
Babri Masjid was a mosque in Ayodhya built by Mughal Emperor Babur in 1528-29 AD

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