Skip to main content

Know about the 2nd Largest state economy Tamil Nadu

Namaste Indians,

Let's learn about the second-largest economy state in India, the richest in cultural heritage. Pride of beholding the oldest surviving language (Tamil) in the World, the Tamil Nadu.

Karl Schmidt Memorial at Edward Elliot's Beach
Karl Schmidt Memorial at Edward Elliot's Beach

Karl Schmidt Memorial is an architectural landmark commemorating a European sailor K.A.J Schmidt who was drowned near this spot on December 30, 1930, while trying to save the life of an English girl. Schmidt successfully saved her life but lost his own life in the process. It is located at Edward Elliot's Beach in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. 

Mamallapuram (earlier known as Mahabalipuram) - 56 km south of Chennai on the Tamil Nadu coast, where Prime Minister Narendra Modi met China’s President Xi Jinping on October 11 & 12 in an informal Wuhan-style summit was a major seaport during the ancient Chola and Pallava dynasties - and home to World Heritage-listed rock-cut temples and caves.

Sleeping idol inside Shore Temple, Mamallapuram
The sleeping idol inside Shore Temple, Mamallapuram

Mamallapuram has ties with China that go back 2000 years. Celadon ware (pottery) of the first century and second century recovered on the eastern coast of Tamil Nadu, hint towards Chinese maritime activities.

The name Mamallapuram derives from Mamallan, or "Great Warrior", a title by which the Pallava King Narasimhavarman I (630-668 AD) was known.  Chinese monk Hiuen Tsang had also visited Kancheepuram that time only, most likely through Mamallapuram.

Shore Temple, Mamallapuram
Shore Temple, Mamallapuram

Krishna Mandapa

This monument is, in fact, a bas-relief of the Pallava period depicting Krishna limiting the mount Govardhana. It has a structural mandapa in the front added during 16th century CE. The principal scene shows Krishna lifting the mount Govardhana to protect the cowherds and cowherdesses from the storm raised by Indra. Krishna is shown supporting the mountain with his left palm, the other hand being in varada attitude. The gopika holding a sling of pots and bundle of fodder, the wood-cutter with axe, a cow being milked and animals are depicted with much calmness as if they were not aware of the fury of Indra's storm.
Krishna's Butter Ball, Mamallapuram
Krishna's Butter Ball, Mamallapuram

Unfinished rock-cut cave temple north of Krishna mandapa

This cave-temple would have been the largest of all cave-temples of the Pallavas. On stylistic grounds, it may be placed later among the Mamalla style cave-temples in the period of Parameswara Varman I (672-700 CE). This cave temple has a unique plan in having a rock-cut shrine at the back of the facade hall with an unfinished passage for circumambulation. The facade itself is relieved with a series of hara elements. The pillars are unique in having vyala over the phalaka and below the kapota, as in the Chalukyan examples. Locally, this cave-temple is known as Pancha Pandava mandapa.

Beautifully carved architecture on rocks, Mamallapuram
Beautifully carved architecture on rocks, Mamallapuram

Dharmaraja Rock Cut Throne

In addition to the well known monolithic and cave temple, there are a number of other similar works of architecture in Mahabalipuram, not falling under any definite category. One among them is the Dharmaraja's rock-cut throne. This monolithic edifice consists of a large rectangular seat with a beautifully carved couchant lion at one end.

Beautifully carved architecture on rocks, Mamallapuram
Beautifully carved Gods and Goddesses on rocks, Mamallapuram

Ganesha Ratha

This monolithic temple, dedicated to Siva, is known as Atyantakama Pallavesvaram" from the inscription of this temple. The title "Atyantakama" is identified with Paramesvaravarman-I (672-700 CE). This monolithic temple is rectangular in plan and has a dvitala salavimana. The adhisthana is not defined. The narrow Mukha mandapa has two lion-pillars and pilasters. Since there is a Ganesha image inside the shrine, this monolithic temple is called as Ganesha Ratha.

Draupadi's Bath

Here the rock was cut into rectangular cist like structure like bathing tub, hence it got the name Draupadi" s bath.


This monument is an incomplete gopuram with a high, moulded adhisthana and the door-jambs erected over the summit of the hillock, possibly of Vijayanagara period. Beautiful sculpture representations are found in this doorjamb of the gopuram.


Popular posts from this blog

Know about Mahatma Gandhi, Gandhi Jayanti and International Day of Non-Violence

'Gandhi Jayanti' is celebrated every year to mark the birth anniversary of Gandhiji (Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi), popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi, 'Bapu' or the 'Father of the Nation' in India. Gandhiji is a symbol of peace, non-violence and humanity. He was the protagonist of Peace.

If you land up on this page to know all the recent updates happening in the name of Mahatma Gandhi, this is certainly the best place, as we keep tracking each and every detail of any happenings around the world on Mahatma Gandhi. But if by any chance you land up here for some Mahatma Gandhi Quotes, you can check this link.

Timeline of Mahatma Gandhi (Memories & special mentions of Mahatma Gandhi)↓↓↓

15th June 2007 - The United Nations has also declared October 2 as the International Day of Non-Violence. According to the UN General Assembly resolution of 15 June 2007, which established the commemoration, the International Day of Non Violence is an occasion to "disseminate …

Know about renowned Oncologist Jayant Vaidya

Jayant Vaidya is a breast cancer expert who specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the breast. He is a Consultant Surgeon at the Whittington, Royal Free and University College London Hospitals. His private breast practice is at the London Breast Institute at the Princess Grace Hospital, where he runs a One-Stop breast clinic and sees emergency cases.
He is extremely active in many research projects for breast disease and breast cancer. With his PhD thesis at University College London, he pioneered the concept of targeted intraoperative radiotherapy (TARGIT or IORT), to deliver radiotherapy to women at the time of surgery as opposed to the usual 6-week course of postoperative radiotherapy. He has been featured on BBC’s Tomorrow’s World in relation to this. He qualified in surgical oncology (MBBS MS DNB) from the Bombay University and the National Board. His PhD is from London University and he is a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, FRCS, UK. At the age of 17,…

Mahatma Gandhi Quotes

There is a saying in Hindi "Lakhon Mein Ek" (Which loosely translates to "One among Millions" in English), but for legends like Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who is an inspiration to almost entire population of earth, this Hindi colloquial proverb should change to "Arbon Mein Ek" ("One among Billions").

To start with, let me share my favourite Quote of Mahatma Gandhi, although some say Gandhi never said this, but this quote is attributed to him only.
"First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win."

"Be the change that you wish to see in the world.""Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.""An eye for an eye will only make the whole world blind.""Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony.""When I despair, I remember that all through history the way of truth and love have always won. There h…

Grand finale finalist Femina Miss India 2016 Zoya Mirza

Born in an orthodox Muslim family, Indore girl Zoya Mirza aka Zeba Baig has earned a place in the grand finale of Femina Miss India 2016 contest. She is hopeful that a blend of luck and hard work would see her through.

The tenacious girl has reached the top-21 by competing among 15,000 girls from 18 cities of the country. Meet Zoya Mirza, the 'conservative Muslim' girl who could become the next Miss India

Born in a conservative Muslim family, Zoya did her schooling from St Raphael’s Girls’ Higher Secondary School and then did her graduation in media studies from Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya's School of Journalism.

Zoya, a good looking and intelligent girl wanted to try out for the Miss India contest but was told by her mother that it was 'Un-Islamic'.
Still, tenacious Zoya kept persuading her parents and continued grooming herself. She pursued an acting course and also worked as a television anchor for various news channels in Indore for a year. Seeing her unrelent…

2nd November - A Day in the life of India

Today 2nd November is an important day for India, one of the biggest festival "Chhath Puja" will be celebrated mostly in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. On 2nd November many personalities have their Birthdays like "King of Bollywood Shahrukh Khan", Esha Deol, Politician Arun Shourie, Bengali author Shirshendu Mukhopadhyay etc. 

Let's learn about the importance of 2nd November in the history of India, major events happened on 2nd November, Birthdays of Indian personalities and deaths if any.

Today is also "International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists".

2nd November in the history of India
2019 - The Ministry of Home Affairs released a new political map of Union Territory Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh. Birthdays on 2nd November1995 - Nivetha Thomas is an Indian film actress who appears in Malayalam, Telugu, Tamil language films. She is best known for Ninnu Kori and Gentleman. Thomas made her debut with the 2008 Malayalam film Veruthe Oru Bharya…